This is a case of the condition known as high blood sugar hyperglycemia, which occurs when the level of blood glucose at the empty-mouthed stage in the early morning exceeds 100 mg/dl. This is when the values are greater than 140 mg/dl following a meal for 2 hours after eating.
What are the best solutions to reduce hyperglycemia? We’re discussing this subject with Dr Ioana Savulescu, Head of the Clinic of Endocrinology and Diabetes at the Institute of Medical Care of Pavia.
Blood sugar levels are high. What do you test for?
Following blood tests are conducted in individuals with the initial detection of high fasting glycemia. The results must be verified (or not) through repeated testing and then by monitoring the glycated haemoglobin and the blood sugar in the past three months.
The medical history of the patient as well as family history should be correlated with the blood glucose level. For people with relatives who are first-line parents, grandparents, and parents with the condition of diabetes and have blood glucose values that are in the range of 110-125 mg/dl, it is advised to carry out the oral glucose load more precisely, which is an evaluation of the levels in blood glucose at continuous blood samples and 2 hours following orally administered 75 grams of glucose.
A blood sugar level of more than 200 mg/dL is considered diabetes. Blood sugar levels that are less than 140 mg/dl within two hours after eating are typical, and within the range of 141 to 199 mg/dl, they indicate intolerance to carbs. Fasting hyperglycemia and carbohydrate intolerance are both risk factors for the development of diabetes.
To boost your glycemic control and to prevent or slow the development of diabetes, it’s essential to make the possibility of making some changes to your lifestyle.
With the assistance of a doctor and with the guidance of the food regimen, it’s essential to adjust the diet to suit the person’s condition and their clinical and physical level of activity.
Obesity and weight gain are often accompanied by “insulin resistance”, a condition that can cause diabetes caused by the excess work of the pancreas due to excessive sugar and weight. Adjusting the intake of carbs and calories by distributing them across during the day and selecting low-in glucose foods can help get an immediate reaction to nutritional efforts.
- Restriction in the majority of desserts (Once every week);
- Eliminate sugary drinks (fruit juice and soft drinks) and alcohol(wine or cocktails, beers, aperitifs);
- Hire red meat for each week;
- Remove fats from the food you eat (meat or sausages), excessive seasoning (sauces and sauces) and cheeses.
Our sugars should be restricted in amount, and whole grain is preferred. But, they should be consumed regularly and spread throughout the day. it is essential to remember that, as diabetologists declare, “fats are burned in the heat of carbs.”
Instead, go to:
- Vegetable all of their varieties
- Fish, especially blue
- Fruits not sweet enough (avoid persimmons and figs; grapes, and bananas);
- Foods that are rich in antioxidants as well as vitamins;
- Olive oil as a raw condiment and, of course, in moderation.
Take a drink of water
Later, it positively impacts the function of various organs and systems in our body. It’s one of the primary substances that, when taken in the correct quantity, helps lower blood sugar levels. It causes sugar to breakdown in the blood, removing “glucotoxicity”: urine functions as a “cleansing-detoxifying” agent for our bodies. Additionally, drinking the correct dose of water increases kidney function and blood volume (volume of blood that circulates and the flow it makes to various organs).
We suggest drinking 1.5-2 Liters of water each day, and the amount of water should be increased for people who exercise regularly and those following diets. We should always keep in mind that drinking water helps lose weight and is vital in diets because it is an integral element of the treatment.
Physical activity is the most effective way to lower blood sugar levels via burning sugar and underlying diabetes conditions like insulin resistance.
Regular exercise increases the risk of cardiovascular aspects (blood sugar and body weight and dyslipidemia, and arterial hypertension). It can be more effective in reducing insulin resistance, almost double the effectiveness of the most well-known diabetes medications (64 per cent reduction through physical exercise compared to. 36% reduction with metformin).
The recommended sports include aerobic exercise three to four times per week:
- I’m swimming;
- cross-country skiing;
However, the only exercise routine that involves going outdoors for more than 30 minutes every day provides essential benefits to the physique and the mind.
Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease
Diabetes and hyperglycemia are linked with a higher risk of adverse health outcomes and a poorer prognosis for the cardiovascular system. The”state of insulin resistance” or “state of insulin resistance” is recognized about 7 to 8 years before the onset of diabetes. It’s correlated to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and associated illnesses like dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension.
Reduce and alter different treatments to regulate cholesterol and blood pressure. To control cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is essential to maintain good health, particularly in the case of hyperglycemia.
What happens if we experience irregular fluctuations in blood sugar levels?
It is essential to be aware of small changes in the tolerance to glucose. Inadequate carbohydrate tolerance and hyperglycemia during fasting increase the likelihood of developing the disease in the short term at a rate of between 4 and 11 per cent. With co-occurring (IGT plus UFH), the risk rises to 20.5 per cent. Three months later, the glycemic and glycated haemoglobin tests should be performed again, and the glucose tolerance must be re-evaluated.
In the event of a return, the annual screening is advised for people older than 45 years old and people who have risk factors (e.g. patients who have had gestational diabetes, obesity or overweight) if the blood glucose level is more significant than 126 mg/dl, an appointment with an expert for treatment and management within the Diabetes Service.